As employers, landlords and volunteer groups seek to make informed decisions related to hiring and ensuring safety in our workplaces and communities there continues to be a focus on background screening. Workplace violence, fraud, embezzlement, and theft are a multi-billion dollar drain on our economy— a cost that can easily be mitigated. Background screening is an effective tool to prevent this drain, in addition to providing a variety of different uses that benefit public well-being. The terms “background screening” or “background check” can mean different things when used in different contexts, however, and it is important to understand the distinctions.